PCA HISTORICAL CENTER
Archives and Manuscript Repository for the Continuing Presbyterian Church

Manuscript Collections :
Synthetic Collections :

Gilbert McMaster
Synthetic Collection MS#150

Content Summary: Published writings of the Rev. Dr. Gilbert McLeod, a Reformed Presbyterian pastor, along with available contemporary crtiques, complete this synthetic collection.

Span dates: 1812-1911 Size: 0.25 cf.

Access: This collection is open to researchers.

Preferred citation:
Gilbert McMaster Synthetic Collection, PCA Historical Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

Related Collections:
Reformed Presbyterian Church, General Synod.

Portrait source: Centennial Celebration of the United Presbyterian Church, Princeton, Indiana. Compiled by Gilbert R. Stormont. Terre Haute, IN: The Moore-Langen Printing Co., 1911.

mcmasterG
[13 February 1778 - 17 March 1854]

File/Subject
ƒ01 —1812—The Embassy of Reconciliation, with its occasion and ministry : a sermon, preached at the ordination of the Rev. James Milligan, in the church of Coldenham (New-York : Whiting and Watson, 1812), 52pp. Accession #014a021000.

ƒ02 —1832—Ministerial Work and Sufficiency : A sermon preached January 26, 1832 at the ordination and installation of the Reverend John McMaster in the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Schenectady (Albany : Little & Cummings; Schenectady : J.C. Magoffin, 1832), 40pp.; 21cm. Accession #014a021000.

ƒ03 —1832—The Moral Character of Civil Government, considered with reference to the political institutions of the United States, in four letters (Albany, N.Y., W.C. Little, 1832), 72pp.; 22 cm. Accession #014a021000.

ƒ04 —1833—A Brief Inquiry into the Civil Relations of Reformed Presbyterians in the United States according to their Judicative Acts : addressed to those of that communion (Schenectady (N.Y) : S.S. Riggs, 1833), 24pp.; 21cm.

ƒ05 —1835—Remarks offered in illustration of a report on the doctrine of civil government before the General Synod of the Presbyterian Church in the city of Pittsburgh, August 7, 1835 (Schenectady : S.S. Riggs, 1835), iv, 24pp.; 21cm. Accession #014a021000.

ƒ06 —1836—"Review of Hodge on the Epistle to the Romans," in The Literary and Theological Review, 11.1 (September 1836): 398-422. [printout]

ƒ07 —1841—The Obligations of the American Scholar to his Country and the World : an address delivered before the Philalethean Society of Hanover College, September 28th, 1841 (Madison, Ind. : Printed by Simrall and Jones, 1841), 24pp.; 21cm. Accession #014a021000.

ƒ08 —1852—The Great Subject of the Christian Ministry : The substance of a discourse delivered at the opening of the General Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, in the city of Philadelphia, May 19th, 1852 (New York : R. Craighead, printer, 1852), 42pp.; 22cm.

ƒ09 —1852—An Apology for the Book of Psalms, in Five Letters; addressed to the Friends of Union in the Church of God. Philadelphia: Daniels & Smith, Fourth edition, 1852. Hb, viii, [9], 10-223 p.; 20 cm. Accession #019a024000.

ƒ10 —1852—The Upright Man in Life and at Death: A discourse delivered Sabbath evening, November 7, 1852, on the occasion of the decease of the Rev. Samuel Brown Wylie, D.D., Pastor of the First Reformed Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia; Vice-President and Emeritus Professor of Ancient Languages in the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: C. Sherman, Printer, 1852. Disbound, 82 p.; 22 cm. Accession #005a103000.

ƒ11 —1879—The Shorter Catechism, analyzed : containing a distinct exhibition of the particular doctrines under each question, with appropriate proofs from Scripture. (Dayton, PA : David Love, 1879, 1825), iv, 64pp.; 15cm. Accession #010a069002.

ƒ12— Baird, Thomas Dickson, An Inquiry into the Privilege and Duty of the Christian Church, in the Exercise of Sacred Praise: A Chronology and History of Scripture Songs from the Creation;An Enlarged Review of the Ancient and Modern History of the Psalmody of the Christian Church; and an Examination of "An Apology for the Book of Psalms," by Gilbert M'Master, A.M. Pittsburgh: Printed by Eichbaum and Johnston, 1825. Leather, 172, [2] p.; 18 cm. Accession #018a099000.
[Digital : https://archive.org/details/inquiryintoprivi00bair_0 ]

ƒ13 — Scott, David, A Calm Examination of Dr. McMaster’s Letters on Civil Government. Newburgh: Printed by Charles U. Cushman, 1832. [photocopy]

Related Collections—
McLeod, Alexander, The Constitution, Character, and Duties of The Gospel Ministry. A Sermon preached at the Ordination of the Rev. Gilbert McMaster, in the First Presbyterian Church, Duanesburgh.New-York: Printed by J. Seymour, No. 118, Pearl-street. 1808. 72 p.; 23 cm. Accession #008a181000.

Centennial Celebration of the United Presbyterian Church, Princeton, Indiana. Compiled by Gilbert R. Stormont. Terre Haute, IN: The Moore-Langen Printing Co., 1911. Hb, 117 p.; 24 cm. Includes a frontispiece portrait of Gilbert McMaster and brief description of his five years as pastor of this congregation, 1840-46. Accession #017a147009.

Off-site Archival Collections—
Repository: William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, 909 S. University Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48109.
Collection : Gilbert McMaster autobiography, inclusive dates: ca. 1854. Extent: 69 pages.
Abstract: "Written for his children on the eve of his sudden and unforeseen death, Gilbert McMaster's autobiography is a fascinating account of the life of a Scots-Irish immigrant and his growth as a Reformed Presbyterian minister. The most important section of McMaster's autobiography is undoubtedly that devoted to the events leading up to the eventful General Synod meeting of 1833, and the schism that resulted indirectly from McMaster's antislavery agitation."

Biographical—
The first Reformed Presbyterian Synod was constituted in Philadelphia in May 1809 with Rev. Mr. Gilbert McMaster as Moderator and Rev. Mr. John Black as Stated Clerk. There were three Presbyteries: Northern, Middle and Southern. By 1856 there were seven Presbyteries: six in the United States and one in India. Unfortunately there was a division in 1833 over the question of civil relations. Rev. McMaster served as pastor of the United Presbyterian church, Princeton, IN, 5 May 1840 through the summer of 1845.

Biographical information located—
Removal of Rev. Dr. McMaster from Princeton, Ind., The Banner of the Covenant, (June 1946): 178-179.
Dr. McMaster’s Work on Psalmody, The Banner of the Covenant, (October 1852):321. [brief review/notice]

Chronological bibliography [with hyperlinks where available]—
1810
The Duty of Nations; a sermon, delivered on the first Thursday of November, 1809. Ballston Spa [N.Y.] Printed by Brown and Miller, 1810. 51pp.; 21cm.

1812
The Embassy of Reconciliation, with its occasion and ministry: A sermon, preached at the ordination of the Rev. James Milligan, in the church of Coldenham. New York: Whiting and Watson, 1812. 52 p.

1815

The Shorter Catechism, analyzed : containing a distinct exhibition of the particular doctrines under each question, with appropriate proofs from Scripture. Schenectady [NY]: Printed by Riggs and Stevens, 1815. Pb, iv, 72pp.; 14cm.
- Reprinted, Schenectady: James C. Magoffin, 1825. Pb, 48pp.; 21cm.
- Reprinted, Dayton, PA : David Love, 1879, 1825. Pb, iv, 64pp.; 15cm.
-
There appears to have been one other edition prior to 1879.

An Essay, in defence of some fundamental doctrines of Christianity; including a review of the writings of Elias Smith (Schenectady [N.Y.] : Printed by Riggs and Stevens, 1815), iv, 120pp.; 23 cm. [Named person: Smith, Elias, 1769-1846.]

1818
An Apology for the Book of Psalms, in five letters : addressed to the friends of union in the Church of God (Philadelphia : Daniels & Smith, 1818, 4th edition, 1852), viii, [9]-223 p. ; 21 cm. [17 libraries, including CTS]
1st ed. (?), 1818 – https://archive.org/details/anapologyforboo00mcmagoog
2d ed. (?) , 1821 – https://archive.org/details/apology00mcma
4th edition, 1852 – https://archive.org/details/apologyforbook00mcma
Reviewed: https://archive.org/details/revmaster00mcma [review by Rev. Ezra Stiles Ely]
Reviewed: https://archive.org/details/hintsps00mcma [review by Henry Ruffner]

See also : Baird, Thomas Dickson, An Inquiry into the Privilege and Duty of the Christian Church, in the Exercise of Sacred Praise: A Chronology and History of Scripture Songs from the Creation;An Enlarged Review of the Ancient and Modern History of the Psalmody of the Christian Church; and an Examination of "An Apology for the Book of Psalms," by Gilbert M'Master, A.M. Pittsburgh: Printed by Eichbaum and Johnston, 1825. Leather, 172, [2] p.; 18 cm. [Digital : https://archive.org/details/inquiryintoprivi00bair_0 ]

1830-1840
Discourse : "Preach the Word." 2 Timothy iv. 2 [S.l. : s.n., 1830-1840?), 37 p. ; 22 cm.

1832
Ministerial Work and Sufficiency : A sermon preached January 26, 1832 at the ordination and installation of the Reverend John McMaster in the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Schenectady (Albany : Little & Cummings ; Schenectady : J.C. Magoffin, 1832), 40pp.; 21cm. 

The Moral Character of Civil Government, considered with reference to the political institutions of the United States, in four letters (Albany, N.Y., W.C. Little, 1832), 72pp.; 22 cm. 

The Parent's Assistant for the Sabbath evening instruction of his children: from the appendix to Dr. McMaster's Analysis of the Westminster shorter catechism (Schenectady, James C. Magoffin, 1832), 16pp.

1833
A Brief Inquiry into the Civil Relations of Reformed Presbyterians in the United States according to their Judicative Acts : addressed to those of that communion (Schenectady (N.Y) : S.S. Riggs, 1833. Pb, 24pp.; 21cm. See PCAHC Box 337, folder 57.

1835
Remarks offered in illustration of a report on the doctrine of civil government before the General Synod of the Presbyterian Church in the city of Pittsburgh, August 7, 1835. Schenectady : S.S. Riggs, 1835. Pb, iv, 24pp.; 21cm. 

Speech in Illustration of a Report on the Doctrine of Civil Government: in the General Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in the city of Pittsburg.........1835.

1836
Review of Hodge on the Epistle to the Romans in Literaary and Theological Review [New York], 1836), pp. 398-422; 21 cm.

1841
The Obligations of the American Scholar to his Country and the World : an address delivered before the Philalethean Society of Hanover College, September 28th, 1841. Madison, IN: Printed by Simrall and Jones, 1841. Pb, 24pp.; 21cm. 

1846
Thoughts on the Union of the Church. Cincinnati : J.A. James, 1846. 51pp.; 22cm.

1847
Speech in Defence of the Westminster Confession of Faith against the Charge of Erastianism: in the General Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in Pittsburgh,......1847.

1852
The Great Subject of the Christian Ministry : The substance of a discourse delivered at the opening of the General Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, in the city of Philadelphia, May 19th, 1852. New York: R. Craighead, printer, 1852. Pb, 42pp.; 22cm. See PCAHC, Box 337, folder 68.

The Upright Man in Life and at Death : a discourse delivered, Sabbath evening, November 7, 1852, on the occasion of the decease of the Rev. Samuel Brown Wylie, D.D. Philadelphia : C. Sherman, 1852. Pb, 82pp.; 22cm.

In addition to the above, Dr. McMaster published various ecclesiastical papers an articles in several periodicals, &c. Where these can be discovered, they will be added at a later date.

Contemporary critiques of McMaster’s works—

Baird, Thomas Dickson [1773-1839], An Inquiry into the privilege and duty of the Christian church, in the exercise of sacred praise: a chronology and history of Scripture songs from the creation; an enlarged review of the ancient and modern history of the psalmody of the Christian church; and an examination of "An apology for the Book of Psalms" (Pittsburgh, Printed by Eichbaum and Johnston, 1825), 1 p. l., xxi, [1], [23]-172, [5] p. 18 cm.  Note : With this is bound his Science of praise ..., 1816.  Introduction contains “a succinct sketch of the controversy on the subject of psalmody ... from ... its commencement in this country, until the present day.”  Accession #018a099000.

Ruffner, Henry, Review (Lexington, VA : Printed by Valentine M. Mason, 1820-1829?), 56pp.; 17cm.
Contents:  1st. Hints on the church's Psalmody, being an attempt to repel the violence of such as would rob her of a precious right, by George Phillips--2nd. Strictures on a book, entitled, An apology for the Book of Psalms, by Gilbert M'Master, To which be added, remarks on a book entitled, The design and use of the Book of Psalms, by Alexander Gordon.

Scott, David, A Calm Examination of Dr. McMaster’s Letters on Civil Government.Newburgh: Printed by Charles U. Cushman, 1832. See PCAHC Box 456, folder 30.
__________, An Exposure of Dr. McMaster’s Brief Inquiry. New York: Printed by H. Bunce, 1833.