John M.L. Young Papers

Manuscript Collection # 42

Box# 340 and 341

Content Summary: Representative materials from the life-work of a career missionary to Japan

Span Dates: 1946 - 1974

Size: 1 cu. ft.

Access Restrictions: None

Collection Citation: Young, John M.L., Papers, Box 341, Folder __: item description, PCA Historical Center, St. Louis, MO.

Biographical Sketch:
John Mair Lisgar Young was born on November 7, 1912 in Hamheung, Korea to Luther L. and Catherine F. (Mair) Young, Canadian Presbyterian missionaries. John began his education there in Korea and later moved to Kobe, Japan, where he graduated from the Canadian Academy. He received the degrees of B.A. (1934) and M.A. (1935 from Acadia University in Wolfville, Nova Scotia, doing thesis work in the field of the German Reformation. He then attended Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia from 1935 to 1937, before transferring to Faith Theological Seminary, where he graduated in 1938. He was both licensed and ordained to the ministry later that same year.

On May 28, 1938 he married Jean Elder in Toronto, Ontario, and together they served as missionaries in Harbin, Manchuria from 1938 to 1941. From 1942 to 1948 he served as the organizing pastor of the Bible Presbyterian church in Wilkes-Barre, PA. The Youngs next moved to Nanking, China to continue their missions work, but were forced to leave China when the communists took over in 1949. A subsequent move to Japan initiated one of his most important periods of ministry. There he served from 1949 until 1966. During this time he helped to plant three churches and was cofounder of the Japan Christian Theological Seminary. At that institution he taught systematic theology and also served as the president of the school from its founding in 1954 until 1966. In that year his wife died of cancer and he returned to the United States with his seven children, arriving to settle in Grand Rapids, MI and work on the Th.M. degree at Calvin Seminary, with thesis work focusing on the topic of Christology. Upon completion of that work, he moved in 1967 to Lookout Mountain, TN to take a position at Covenant College as Missions professor.

On February 8, 1968 he married Jane Brooks, a faculty member in the English department. They remained at Covenant until his retirement in 1981, at which time they returned with their daughter to Japan. Work there continued under the auspices of World Presbyterian Missions, the foreign missions arm of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod. Dr. Young served as president of WPM for three years. Two of his sons currently serve as foreign missionaries in Japan.

During his time in Japan, Dr. Young served for fourteen years as the editior of The Bible Times. His first book, The Two Empires in Japan, was first published in 1958. Subsequent editions were brought out in 1959, 1961 and 1987, and the work has been described as "a valuable contribution to an understanding of the situation with which the Japanese Church is confronted today." As a record of church-state conflict, it remains a very pertinent work today. In 1961 he was awarded the Doctor of Divinity degree by Covenant College and Seminary, St. Louis, MO. Other publications authored by Dr. Young include a series of ten booklets on The Motive and Aim of Missions and a booklet on Karl Barth's Doctrine of the Trinity, along with numerous articles on missions and covenant theology as the theological basis of missions. Research for his last work, By Foot to China, was begun during the time of his studies in Christology in 1966-1967 as he focused on the history and theology of the Nestorians.

Finding Aid is normally located in folder number 1 of each box.

Subject

Box

File

Bible Presbyterian Church Conflict, 1955, Correspondence

340

19

Bible Presbyterian Church Conflict, 1956, Correspondence

340

18

Bible Presbyterian Church Conflict, 1957, Correspondence, January - June

340

17

Bible Presbyterian Church Conflict, 1957, Correspondence, July - December

340

16

Bible Presbyterian Church Conflict, 1958, Correspondence

340

15

Bible Presbyterian Church Conflict, 1959 - 1960, Correspondence

340

14

Bible Presbyterian Church Conflict, Documents

340

9

Bible Presbyterian Church, Gainesville, TX, 1958, 12th Anniversary materials

341

9

Bible Presbyterian Observer, 1956, Special edition, March, 1956

340

89

Bible Press, The, 1955, September 9

340

90

Blackmore, Glenwood, "Shall the NCC Control Religious Broadcasting"

340

2

Bratt, John H., "Modern Ecumenical Movements, Analysis and Appraisal," 1958, [publication]

341

15

Brochures, Miscellaneous, Folder 1

341

6

Brochures, Miscellaneous, Folder 2

341

7

Buswell, J. Oliver, Jr., Comments on Free Press articles of October 19, 1961

340

7

Christ Church, Grand Rapids, MI, 1966, By-Laws

341

8

Christian Beacon, 1937, 1956 and 1957 [4 issues]

340

91

Christian Education

340

8

Christian, George S., "Dispensationalism, Arminianism, Lutheranism and the Reformed Standards of the Bible Presbyterian Church"

341

16

Christian, George S., "Let's Not Talk About a Split in the Bible Presbyterian Church"

340

3

Colloquial Japanese Bible, Correspondence, Folder 1, includes news articles

340

20

Colloquial Japanese Bible, Correspondence, Folder 2, includes articles and publications

340

21

Colloquial Japanese Bible, Correspondence, Folder 3, includes articles and publications

340

22

Conflict of the Ages:  A Symposium, The, 1954, [publication]

341

17

Correspondence, 1958 - 1960

340

13

Correspondence, 1961 - 1962

340

12

Correspondence, 1973 - 1974, Miscellaneous

340

37

Covenant College, 1963, Purchase of Lookout Mountain Campus, news articles 

341

13

Cross, Thomas G., Historical Background and Development of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, General Synod, 1968

341

18

Far Eastern Council of Christian Churches, 1951, First General Assembly, Minutes

341

11

Far Eastern Council of Christian Churches, 1953, Second General Assembly, Minutes

341

12

Far Eastern Council of Christian Churches, 1956, Third General Assembly, Report

341

40

Financial Reports, 1958, 1961 - 1967 [sampling]

340

93

Free Press, 1956, 1961, [November 9, 1956 and October 19, 1961]

340

92

Garman, W.O.H., What is Wrong with the Federal Council?, 1950 edition

341

19

Hallmarks of the Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod; Proposed Plan of Union for the OPC/RPCES; and Proposed Basis of Union between the OPC and RPCES

341

28

Horner, Kenneth A., Jr., Biblical Government, 1963, 1970

341

20

Horner, Kenneth A., Jr., Christian Doctrine

341

21

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1948 - 1950, Correspondence

340

30

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1951 - 1952, Correspondence

340

29

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1953, Correspondence

340

28

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1955, Correspondence

340

27

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1956, Correspondence

340

26

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1957, Correspondence

340

25

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1957, Correspondence with Clark, Philip

340

33

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1958, Correspondence

340

24

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1958, Correspondence with Clark, Philip

340

32

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1959 - 1960, Correspondence

340

23

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, 1959 - 1960, Correspondence with Clark, Philip

340

31

Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, Minority Protest on the Failure to Re-elect Dr. Shepperson and Dr. Robert G. Rayburn

340

94

Independent Fundamental Churches of America, 1952 - 1953, Action against the American Council of Christian Churches

340

47

Introducing and Comparing the PCA, OPC, RPCES and RPCNA

341

22

Japan Bible Christian Council, Constitution [booklet]

341

4

Japan Christian Presbyterian Church, Form of Government

340

10

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1949 - 1950, Correspondence, primarily with the Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions

340

54

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1951 - 1952, Correspondence, primarily with the Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions

340

53

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1955 - 1956, Catalog

340

48

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1957 - 1958, 1960 - 1963, Correspondence

340

52

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1958 - 1960, Faculty Minutes

340

58

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1961 - 1963, Faculty Minutes

340

57

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1964 - 1965, Faculty Minutes

340

56

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1965, 1967 - 1969, 1975, Correspondence

340

51

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, 1967 - 1968, Catalog

341

5

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, Constitution

340

49

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, Controversy with Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions

340

50

Japan Christian Theological Seminary, History

340

55

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1949 - 1951, Minutes

340

76

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1950, 1957, Independent Board

340

72

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1952 - 1954, Minutes

340

75

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1955 - 1957, Minutes

340

74

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1957 - 1958, Correspondence

340

66

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1958, Independent Board

340

71

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1959 - 1960, Correspondence

340

65

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1959, 1961, Independent Board, undated material

340

70

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1960 - 1963, Minutes and Reports

340

79

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1961, Correspondence

340

64

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1961, History of the Relationship between the Japan Mission and the Japan Christian Theological Seminary

340

69

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1962, Correspondence

340

61

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1962, Correspondence

340

63

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1963, Correspondence

340

60

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1964 - 1966, Minutes and Reports

340

78

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1969 - 1975, Financial Reports

340

67

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1981 - 1984, 1986, Minutes

340

73

Japan Presbyterian Mission, 1983, 1985 - 1987, Minutes and Correspondence

340

77

Japan Presbyterian Mission, Constitution

340

59

Japan Presbyterian Mission, Correspondence

340

62

Japan Presbyterian Mission, History

340

68

Japan Presbyterian Mission, Miscellaneous

340

80

Japan Presbyterian Mission, Statement on Relationships

340

82

Japan Presbyterian Mission, Statement on the Property Problem caused by Factions in the Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions

340

81

MacRae, Allan A., The Millennial Kingdom of Christ

341

23

Mawhinney, Allen, "Baptism, Servanthood, and Sonship"

340

4

McIntire, Carl, 1955 - 1956, Correspondence

340

36

McIntire, Carl, 1957, Correspondence, January - May, 1957

340

35

McIntire, Carl, 1957, Correspondence, June - December, 1957

340

34

Merritt, Richard N., "Proposed Presbyterian Confession of 1967, The"

340

6

Mickelsen, Alvera, How to Write Missionary Letters

341

24

Miller, Ira, "Crime of the Auburn Affirmation, The"

340

6

Miscellaneous, undated

340

83

Mission to the World, 1981 - 1985, Minutes and Reports

340

95

Mission to the World, 1981 - 1987, Correspondence, Financial Statements [sampling]

340

43

Mission to the World, 1981, Correspondence

340

42

Mission to the World, 1982, Correspondence

340

41

Mission to the World, 1983 - 1984, Correspondence

340

40

Mission to the World, 1985, Correspondence

340

39

Mission to the World, 1986 - 1987, Correspondence

340

38

National Presbyterian Missions, 1954, 1955, Prayer Calendar

341

25

News Articles

340

84

Noe, Edward T., 1957, Correspondence

341

10

Payne, J. Barton, What is a Reformed Presbyterian?, 1974

341

26

Photographs

340

86

Photographs

341

14

Pierce Crusade, 1959 - 1961, Correspondence

340

88

Pierce Crusade, Articles

340

87

Rayburn, Robert G., Bunzel, Claude and Lyons, Walter, "Ideological Division within Our Church, The" [paper]

340

85

Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod - Presbyterian Church in America Transition, undated, Correspondence

340

44

Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod - Presbyterian Church in America Transition, 1982 - 1983, Correspondence

340

45

Reid, Allan S., A Divisive Course, 1947

341

27

Sanderson, John W., "The Menace of Barthianism, The" 1953

341

2

Shepherd, Jonas E.C., What is a Dedicated Presbyterian?, 1967

341

29

Smith, Ralph, "The Five Points of Christian Reconstructionist Theology"

340

4

Soltau, T. Stanley, Lo, I am with You, Always, 1949

341

31

Soltau, T. Stanley, The Everlasting Gospel, 1946

341

30

World Presbyterian Missions, 1953, 1962, 1963, 1966, Correspondence

340

46

World Presbyterian Missions, By-Laws for Foreign Missions Board, Financial Policies and Missionary Manual

340

11

Wright, J. Elwin, How Modern is the Federal Council?, 1947

341

32

Young, John M.L., By Foot to China, 1984

341

33

Young, John M.L., Common Grace Debate in Calvinistic Circles, The, 1957

341

3

Young, John M.L., Karl Barth's Doctrine of the Trinity, 1962

341

34

Young, John M.L., Motive and Aim of Missions, The, 1964, Chapters 1, 2 & 4

341

35

Young, John M.L., Motive and Aim of Missions, The, 1964, Chapters 5, 6 & 7

341

36

Young, John M.L., Motive and Aim of Missions, The, 1964, Chapters 8, 9 & 10

341

37

Young, John M.L., Motive and Aim of Missions, The, 1972, Japanese version

341

38

Young, John M.L., Reformed Debate on Common Grace, The

340

5

Young, John M.L., The Two Empires, 1961

341

39

Young, John M.L., Tokyo Christian Theological Seminary, The

340

5


Additional Resources-
World Presbyterian Missions Collection:

Young, John M.L., The Motive and Aim of Missions, Part 1 420 28
Young, John M.L., The Motive and Aim of Missions, Part 2 420 29
Young, John M.L., The Motive and Aim of Missions, Part 3 420 30
Young, John M.L., Applications, 1961 421 22
Young, John M.L., "Karl Barth's Doctrine of the Trinity" 421 23

W.A. McIlwaine Papers:

Young, John M.L., Correspondence, 1960

479

66

Young, John M.L., Theology of the Nestorian Missionaries in China, 600 - 1000 A.D.

485

22

Bibliography:
The Scriptural Basis for Communal Support of Christian Education, Covenant College Reflections, October 1973, pages 1-2.










John M.L. Young [1912 - 1994]