Archives and Manuscript Repository for the Continuing Presbyterian Church

Manuscript Collections :
Synthetic Collections :

J. Gresham Machen
Synthetic Collection MS#043
Box #262

Content Summary: This gathered, or synthetic collection consists of published works authored by Dr. J. Gresham Machen, one work each published by his father and his mother, and both books and articles concerning Dr. Machen's life and ministry.

Off-site resources :
The Machen Archives, as the definitive collection of his papers, is located in the Montgomery Library on the campus of Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, PA.
There is also a collection of Machen papers, including materials on the 1929 reorganization of Princeton Theological Seminary, located in the Department of Archives and Special Collections at Princeton Theological Seminary, Princeton, NJ.

Span dates: 1914 - 2005 Size: 1.0 cu. ft. (one carton)

Access: This collection is open to researchers.

J. Gresham Machen

Preferred citation: J. Gresham Machen Collection, Box 262, PCA Historical Center, St. Louis, Missouri.



"Speaking at a Westminster Seminary alumni dinner in Cleveland in 1934, Dr. Gordon A. MacLennan, a minister in the (then) United Presbyterian church, said, 'What is it in Dr. Machen that stands out above everything else? I have given much thought to my own question. To me the answer does not lie in his scholarship, or in his teaching ability, or in his literary skill, great as all these are. In my opinion the one feature about him that overshadows everything else is this: his burning passion to see the Lordship of Christ exercised in His church.' "
"Unless one understands this, he will never understand John Gresham Machen, his moves or his moods. But for that one overruling passion he would have been content to lodge in the quiet eye of the hurricane undisturbed by the fury of the storm that howled about him. How good and how pleasant it would have been to stay out of theological controversy, quietly confine all his energies to classroom instruction and scholarly writing! But historic Christianity was in conflict, the honor of hte Son of God was involved, and Machen was of sterner stuff than to sit at rest and disregard the frontal attack against his Lord."
[excerpted from A Treasury of Evangelical Writings (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1974, 1980), page 446.]

Administrative History:  This collection consists of materials gathered by the staff of the PCA Historical Center between 1998 and 2006, together with donations of items received from Dr. George P. Hutchinson and the Rev. Ray Cannata.  These materials have been assembled together as a way of presenting resources that are not organically part of another collection, and as convenience for researchers.

Divisions of this Finding Aid :
1. Shorter published works and correspondence of Dr. J. Gresham Machen
2. Documents concerning Dr. J. Gresham Machen, including obituaries and genealogical information
3. Book-length works authored by Dr. Machen
4. Book-length works authored by members of Dr. Machen’s family

5. Published books concerning Dr. Machen’s life and ministry
6. Reference to other Machen documents in the holdings of the PCA Historical Center

Box 262
Box/File & Subject
1. Shorter published works and correspondence of Dr. J. Gresham Machen-
ƒ01 — Machen, J. Gresham, Christianity in Conflict (New York : Round Table Press, Inc., 1932), offprint from Contemporary American Theology, edited by Vergilius Ferm, Volume 1, pp. 245-274. [a copy of Contemporary American Theology is also available in the Center's library]

ƒ02 — Machen, J. Gresham, History and Faith (Princeton, NJ : The Princeton Theological Review, 13.3 (July 1915), 337-351), offprint, 15pp. [This was Machen's inaugural address as Assistant Professor of New Testament Literature and Exegesis at Princeton Theological Seminary, delivered 3 May 1915 and first published in The Princeton Theological Review, 13.3 (July 1915), 337-351.

ƒ03 — Machen, J. Gresham, "Is the Bible Right About Jesus?": Part I. What the Bible Teaches About Jesus, in The Evangelical Student, 3.1 (Oct. 1928) 4 - 11; Part II. "The Witness of Paul," 3.2 (Jan. 1929) 7 - 15; Part III. "The Witness of the Gospels," 3.3 (Apr. 1929) 11 - 20. [three addresses given in King's Hall, London on 10 June 1927 under the auspices of The Bible League of Great Britain and revised by Dr. Machen for The Evangelical Student.

ƒ04 — Machen, J. Gresham, "Jesus and Paul," in Biblical and Theological Studies by Members of the Faculty of Princeton Theological Seminary (New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 1912), pp. 545-578. [photocopy of article; the entire volume is also available in the Center's library]

ƒ05 — Machen, J. Gresham, "Machen's Profession of Faith," in The Witness (Willow Grove, PA : Covenant House) 3.7 (October 1958) 2. [sermon extract from 17 September 1935 and delivered just prior to his standing trial before the PCUSA's Presbytery of New Jersey]

ƒ06 — Machen, J. Gresham, Modernism and The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.: Argument of J. Gresham Machen in Support of an Overture Introduced in the Presbytery of New Brunswick at Its Meeting on January 24, 1933, and Made the Order of the Day for the Meeting of April 11, 1933 (Philadelphia : Press of Allen, Lane & Scott, [1933] ), pb, 110pp.; 22 cm.

ƒ07 — Machen, J. Gresham, Mountains and Why We Love Them, [Cover note : "The following paper was read before a group of ministers in Philadelphia, November 27, 1933. It is reprinted here from the August, 1934, number of Christianity Today". Subsequent reprints appeared in What is Christianity? (1951) and again as a separate tract issued in 2002 by the Committee for the Historian of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church]

ƒ08 — Machen, J. Gresham, Statement to the Special Committee of the Presbytery of New Brunswick in the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. which was appointed by the Presbytery at its Meeting on Tuesday, September 25, 1934, to "Confer further with Dr. Machen with respect to his relationship with the Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions, and to Make Recommendations to Presbytery for the Disposition of the Matter Involving the Mandate of the General Assembly to the Presbytery and the Relation of Dr. Machen to the Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions." (Philadelphia : J. Gresham Machen, 1934), pb, 98pp.; 23 cm.

ƒ09 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Attack upon Princeton Seminary : A Plea for Fair Play (Princeton, N.J. : Machen ; Philadelphia : secured by application to Messrs. Johnson & Prince, 1927), 47pp.; 22 cm.

ƒ10 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Christian School the Hope of America (Chicago, IL : National Union of Christian Schools, 1934), 19pp.; 18 cm.

ƒ11 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Church of God (Philadelphia, PA : Presbyteran Guardian Publishing Company, 1936), 10pp.; 23 cm.
262.12 — Machen, J. Gresham, "The Good Fight of Faith," in A Treasury of Evangelical Writings, edited by David O. Fuller (Grand Rapids : Kregel Publications, 1974, third printing, 1980), pb, pp. 446-455 of 460.

ƒ13 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Importance of Christian Scholarship (London : Bible League, 1934), 17 cm. ["Addresses given at Bible League meetings in Caxton Hall, Westminster, London, June 17th, 1932."; published in Christianity Today, November 1932 and reprinted, (Cape May, NJ: Shelton College Press, 1971); posted online at http://bpc.org/articles/machen/scholar.htm, printing out to 16pp.

ƒ14 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Living Saviour (London : The Evangelical Press, n.d.), pb, 11pp.; 18.5 cm. [a sermon originally delivered circa 1923-1924]

ƒ15 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Necessity of the Christian School (Chicago, IL : National Union of Christian Schools, 1934), 16pp.; portrait; 18 cm. [EXC; PRP; TNK]

ƒ16 — Machen, J. Gresham, "The Relation of Religion to Science and Philosophy," in The Princeton Theological Review, 26.1 (January 1926), 38-66. [photocopy]

ƒ17 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Responsibility of the Church in Our New Age (Philadelphia : American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1933), offprint, 10pp.; 23.5 cm. Cover note : "Publication No. 2552, Reprinted from Essentials for Prosperity, Vol. 165 of The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, January 1933.

ƒ18 — Machen, J. Gresham, The Separateness of the Church (Philadelphia: The Presbyterian Press Assoc., n.d.), 16pp.; 15.5 cm. ["A sermon preached in the Chapel of Princeton Theological Seminary on Sunday, March 8, 1925"]

2. Documents concerning Dr. J. Gresham Machen
ƒ19 — Alexander, Chalmers W., "What the Northern Presbyterian Church Did to J. Gresham Machen," in The Southern Presbyterian Journal, Part I, 8.10 (15 September 1949) 6-10; Part II, 8.11 (1 October 1949) 13-18 and Part III, 8.12 (15 October 1949) 8-12.

ƒ20 —
Barr, James Daniel, 1997, "Newspaper Coverage of J. Gresham Machen's Ecclesiastical Trial in 1935," Premise Magazine 4.4 (December 1997), 'Page 4' [originally posted on http://capo.org, but no longer online; printed out to 29pp.]

ƒ21 —
Clark, Gordon H. [?], Unpublished review of Masselink, W., Professor J. Gresham Machen: His Life and Defense of the Bible [photocopy of typescript, 4pp.]

ƒ22 —
Hart, Darryl G., "Fundamentalism, Inerrancy, and the Biblical Scholarship of J. Gresham Machen," in Journal of Presbyterian History 75.1 (Spring 1997) 13-28.

ƒ23 — Hart, Darryl G., J. Gresham Machen, the OPC and the Problem of Christian Controversy (s.l. : s.n., circa 1997), pb, 22pp.; 21.5 cm. [Cover note : "Reprinted from an address delivered before the Presbytery of Philadelphia, OPC, November 15, 1996]

ƒ24 — Hawkins, Craig S., "A Short History of the Life of J. Gresham Machen : His Relevance for Today," [unpublished paper dated July 2000, 13pp.]

ƒ25 — Lippmann, Walter, A Preface to Morals (Boston : Beacon Press, 1929, 1960), pb, 348pp.  Cf. pp. 32-34 regarding Machen.

ƒ26 — Machen Family, Miscellaneous genealogical information, including a brief biographical account of Thomas Gresham Machen [1886-1975]

ƒ27 — National Bible Institute, Promotional brochures for lectures sponsored by NBI and delivered at the Marble Collegiate Church, 1923.  Brochure no. 1 advertises Machen's speech "Basic Facts of Christianity"; Brochure no. 2 advertises lectures "The Living Christ" and "What is Salvation"

ƒ28 — Obituaries and related items on the death of Dr. Machen

ƒ29 — Piper, John, 1993, "J. Gresham Machen's Response to Modernism," [an address delivered before the Bethlehem Conference for Pastors, 26 January 1993; captured on 25 June 2000 from ttp://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Ranch/6391/machen.htm], 25pp.

ƒ30 —
Princeton Theological Seminary, Department of Archives and Special Collections, 1996, Finding Aid for the John Gresham Machen Collection, with Additional Papers on the 1929 Reorganization of Princeton Seminary, typescript, 9pp.

ƒ31 — Richardson, John R., "J. Gresham Machen-'Valiant-For-Truth'" [Review of J. Gresham Machen: A Biographical Memoir by Ned B. Stonehouse], in The Southern Presbyterian Journal, 13.25 (20 October 1954) 7-13.

ƒ32 — Rosenthal, Shane, 2001, "Was J. Gresham Machen a Consistent Calvinist?" [posted online at http://www.markers.com /ink/srmachen.htm and captured on 14 March 2002], 16 pp.

ƒ33 — Szoke, Rev. Imre, 2002, "Introduction to the Hungarian Edition of J. Gresham Machen's Classic Work: Christianity and Liberalism, with an application of the author's principles to the current Hungarian church situation (Miskolc, Hungary: Karolyi Gaspar Institute of Theology and Missions), 19pp.; 28 cm.

ƒ34 — Walker, Daniel F., "J. Gresham Machen: A Forgotten Libertarian," in The Freeman: A Publication of the Foundation for
Economic Education, 43.12 (December 1993) and posted online at http://www.libertyhaven.com [captured 25 June 2000; printed out to 5pp.]

ƒ35 —
Woolley, Paul, et al., "Personal Reminiscences of J. Gresham Machen," in The Presbyterian Journal, 44.31 (27 November 1985), pp. 6-10.  Contributors include 1. Paul Woolley; 2. Henry W. Coray; 3. Donald C. Graham; 4. Allan A. MacRae; 5. R. Laird Harris; 6. Louise R. Graham; 7. Edward L. Kellogg; 8. John M.L. Young; 9. Harold S. Laird; and 10. Lewis J. Grotenhuis.  Also on page 15 of this issue, "Dr. Machen and True Presbyterianism," by Dr. William S. Barker.

3. Book-length works authored by Dr. Machen
262.36 — A Rapid Survey of the Literature and History of New Testament Times, Parts I, II, III, and IV in The Westminster Departmental Graded Series International Course-Modified (Philadelphia : Presbyterian Board of Christian Education, 1914 and 1915), eight volumes in all, Student's Text Book (4 vols.) and Teacher's Manual (4 vols.)
262.37 — The Literature and History of New Testament Times (Philadelphia, PA: The Presbyterian Board of Publication and Sabbath School Work, 1915), 288pp.; 20 cm. 
262.38 — The New Testament : An Introduction to its Literature and History, edited by W. John Cook,   (Edinburgh : The Banner of Truth Trust, 1976), hb, 386pp.; 22 cm.
262.39 — Christianity and Liberalism (Philadelphia : The Sunday School Times Company, 1923, reprinted February 1924), hb, 189pp.; 18 cm.
262.40 — Christianity and Liberalism (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1934 [seventh printing]), hb, 189pp.; 18 cm.  [Inscribed by former owner, Rev. Samuel J. Allen]
262.41 — Christianity and Liberalism (Grand Rapids : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., n.d.), pb, 189pp.; 19.5 cm.
262.42 — God Transcendent (Edinburgh : The Banner of Truth Trust, 1949, 1982), pb, 206pp.
262.43 — The Origin of Paul's Religion (New York : The Macmillan Company, 1921), hb, 329pp.; 22.5 cm. [being the James Sprunt Lectures delivered at Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, VA]
262.44 — The Origin of Paul's Religion (Grand Rapids : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1925, 1970, 1973 and 1976), pb, 329pp.; 19 cm.
262.45 — The Virgin Birth of Christ (New York and London : Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1930, Second edition, 1932), hb, x, 415pp.; 22 cm.
262.46 —
What is Faith? (Grand Rapids : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1946), hb, 263pp.; 19 cm.
262.47 — The Christian View of Man (London : The Banner of Truth Trust, 1937, 1965), pb, 254pp.; 18 cm.
262.48 — God Transcendent (Edinburgh : The Banner of Truth Trust, 1949, 1982), pb, 206pp.; 18 cm.
262.49 — Education, Christianity and the State, edited by John W. Robbins (Unicoi, TN : The Trinity Foundation, 1987, third printing, 2004), pb, xii, 163pp.; 21 cm.
262.50 — Selected shorter writings, edited by D.G. Hart (Phillipsburg, NJ : P&R Publishing, 2004), hb, vii, 590pp.; 24 cm.  ISBN: 0875525709.

4. Book-length works authored by members of Dr. Machen's family
262.51 — Machen, Arthur W., Stories and Articles, collected by Arthur W. Machen, Jr. (Baltimore : Privately Printed, 1917), Volume 1, hb, v, 394pp.; 22 cm. [Frontispiece portrait facing title page]
262.52 — Machen, Minnie Gresham, The Bible in Browning, with Particular Reference to The Ring and the Book (New York : The Macmillan Company, 1903), hb, 290pp.; 19 cm.  [inscribed by the author : "The Author hopes that her little book may give some pleasure to her dear nephew, LeRoy Gresham.  Baltimore, Oct. 17, 1903."]

5. Published books concerning Dr. Machen's life and ministry
262.53 — Coray, Henry W., J. Gresham Machen : A Silouette (Grand Rapids : Kregel Publications, 1981), pb, 128pp.; 19 cm.
262.54 — Coray, Henry W., J. Gresham Machen : A Silouette (Willow Grove, PA : The Committee for the Historian of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, 2002), pb, 127pp.; 21.5 cm.
262.55 — Crisope, Terry A., Toward a Sure Faith : J. Gresham Machen and the Dilemma of Biblical Criticism, 1881-1915 (Ross-Shire, Great Britain : Christian Focus Publications, 2000), pb, 240pp.; 21.5 cm.
262.56 — Lippmann, Walter, A Preface to Morals (Boston : Beacon Press, 1960), pb, 348pp.; 20 cm. [pages 32-34 present Lippmann's comments regarding Dr. Machen.]
262.57 — Stonehouse, Ned B., J. Gresham Machen : A Biographical Memoir (Grand Rapids : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1954), hb, 520pp.; 22 cm.
262.58 —
Woolley, Paul, The Significance of J. Gresham Machen Today (Nutley, NJ : Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing Co., 1977), pb, 84pp.; 21 cm. [inscribed by the author]

6. Additional Machen documents and resources in the PCA Historical Center
a. Papers of J. Oliver Buswell, Jr.

For a description of each item in this collection, see the Inventory of the Buswell-Machen Correspondence.
284.18 — Machen, J. Gresham, 1926 - 1929, Correspondence
284.19 — Machen, J. Gresham, 1930 - 1933, Correspondence re Founding of the Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions (IBPFM)
284.20 — Machen, J. Gresham, 1934 - 1935, Correspondence
284.21 — Machen, J. Gresham, 1935, Newspaper clippings regarding PCUSA trial
284.22 —
Machen, J. Gresham, 1936 - 1937, Correspondence re Millennial Dispute

b. Papers of Wm. A. McIlwaine
479.45 — Machen, J. Gresham, Correspondence, includes 1. What Bible-Believing Christians Should Do at the General Assembly of 1933, dated 19 May 1933, 2pp.; 2. Seven Letters, dated 21 August 1934; 8 September 1934; 19 January 1935; 16 February 1935; 11 May 1935; 6 April 1936; and 20 May 1936 [one page each]; 3. Tributes to Dr. J. Gresham Machen delivered at First Presbyterian Church, Pittsburgh, PA, Sunday, 3 January 1937, 6pp.
487.60 —
Scott, Jack, Handwriting on the Wall, [paper on J.G. Machen and the stand against Liberalism]

c. Papers of Edward A. Steele, III
333.45 — Machen, J. Gresham, 1935, Correspondence with B.F. Edwards, Esq.
333.46 — Machen, J. Gresham, Did Christ Rise from the Dead?
333.47 — Machen, J. Gresham, Memorial, 1937
333.48 —
Machen, J. Gresham, 1930, Newspaper article dated 30 January 1930

d. Papers of Robert Dick Wilson
Machen, J. Gresham, 1928, Draft of [1] Proposed Statement of the Faculty of Princeton Seminary to the Board of Trustees and [2] Statement to the Seminary Committee of General Assembly [typescript, 8 leaves, including cover letter from J. Gresham Machen dated 31 August 1928

e.  Books in the PCA Historical Center's research library with articles about Dr. Machen -
1. Dennison, Charles G., "J. Gresham Machen and the Crisis in the Reformed World," in History for a Pilgrim People : The Historical Writings of Charles G. Dennison, edited by Danny e. Olinger and David K. Thompson (Willow Grove, PA : The Committee for the Historian of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, 2002), pp. 41-52.
2. ____
___, "J. Gresham Machen and Reformed Spirituality," also in History for a Pilgrim People, pp. 53-66.
Dennison, James T., Jr. and Grace Mullen, "A Bibliography of the Writings of J. Gresham Machen," in Pressing Toward the Mark : Essays Commemorating Fifty Years of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church (Philadelphia : The Committee for the Historian of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, 1986), pp. 461-485.
Russell, C. Allyn, "J. Gresham Machen: Scholarly Fundamentalist," in Voices of American Fundmentalism : Seven Biographical Studies (Philadelphia : The Westminster Press, 1976), pp. 135-161.